How can you keep the water tank in your motorhome or caravan clean?
January, 2 2018
If you’re planning on a trip with your motorhome or caravan, a full water tank is indispensable. Although we don’t advise that you drink the water from the tank, it’s still important to keep not just the water itself but also the tank clean. This way you can prevent the growth of all kinds of unpleasant bacteria. Many campers don’t realise this, so we’ve asked Geert de Bekker, an expert on water, to explain the subject to us.
Geert de Bekker, a passionate camper for almost 50 years, has been a motorhome enthusiast for the last 20 years. He knows what concerns campers more than most. Thanks to his 10 years of experience in ozone technology, he’s gained a lot of knowledge about everything to do with clean and safe water. He’s grateful for that experience now as he’s used it to develop applications for water treatment plants and drinking water tanks.
The quality of the water in a water tank rapidly deteriorates. High temperatures in the summer don’t help, as they encourage the growth of harmful bacteria. Bacteria have free rein to multiply rapidly because the water isn’t moving and is in an enclosed space. They nestle against the interior wall and in the tubes of the tank. If you combine this with higher temperatures outside, the water tank becomes an ideal breeding ground for bacteria and mould.
Biofilm in the tank
The result is a slimy residue in the pipes. This mixture of microorganisms is called a biofilm. As a result of the biofilm on the water, both the water and the tank itself shouldn’t be relied upon. Obviously, water safety can’t be taken for granted.
Don’t drink water from the tank
You never know how dirty the water pipes are, so it’s safest not to drink water from the tank. This will help you to avoid getting diarrhoea. The water in the pipes is actually the most likely to be dirty. It’s difficult to check whether they’re clean or not, and they’re also the parts of the tank that are most susceptible to getting dirty. In addition, the water is often lukewarm when it comes out of the tank, so it’s less pleasant to drink than fresh cool water. You also need to bear in mind that the quality of drinking water isn’t as good as it is in the UK in lots of other countries. That’s why we advise that you drink bottled water – and if you keep it in the fridge it’s always nice and cool too. If you really don’t have access to any water apart from what’s in the tank, we advise that you boil it for at least 3 minutes before drinking it. That’s how long it takes to kill all the harmful bacteria.
You might be asking yourself, if drinking water from the tank is discouraged, why is it important to keep the tank free from bacteria? The most feared bacterium is the legionella bacterium. If the water in your tank is contaminated with this bacteria, then you can get sick just from showering or drawing water from the tap. That’s because legionella can enter your body when you inhale the mist rising off the water. It won’t necessarily make you sick, but there is a chance that it can, particularly if you’re older. In that case, the chance of complications from certain bacteria is higher. A clean tank as well as clean water prevents these types of bacteria from occurring in the first place.
Clean tank = clean water
Just rinsing the water through the taps every few days and filling the tank with clean water isn’t enough. There are various products for ‘disinfecting’ the water. Using them is a good idea, but they don’t clean the biofilm from the tank itself. The result is that your dirty tank immediately contaminates the clean water that you put in it, and the water still isn’t safe. That’s why it’s important to thoroughly clean the tank itself on a regular basis. Even then, there will still be some traces of dirt in the tank.
Water tanks are usually maintained by adding a cleaning product to them once or twice a season. That’s one way of cleaning the tank, but it’s only temporary, as bacteria will start to grow again after a while. So, in order to keep the tank and the water safe, you really need to keep on top of things. The idea that you don’t have to worry about doing any maintenance to your tank for the rest of the season is a misconception.
Always use a clean water hose to fill the tank up. That’s an easy way to prevent bacteria getting in to your tank in the first place. Of course it’s possible that the campsite or motorhome pitch you’re at doesn’t have a clean water hose. So make sure you bring a watering can with you that you only use to fill your tank with clean water.
You can see why there was a need to develop a way to keep your water tank clean with as little work as possible. Because which camper wants to spend loads of time keeping the tank clean? Geert, who’s been a camper for almost 50 years, spent a long time researching and developing a system for water purification in the recreation sector. ‘I was looking for an improvement that was both easy and environmentally friendly’.
Always clean and safe
Tank-O3 is a small built-in system for in the water tank of a caravan or motorhome, which works on both 12 and 24 volts. An electric current causes a chemical reaction in the water, whereby oxygen in the water (O2) is converted into ozone (O3). Ozone is an extremely strong oxidant which is both tasteless and odourless – and it makes sure that both the water and the tank itself remain free from bacteria. You clean the pipes before using the appliance, so the pipes also remain clean and safe. As long as you keep the system on continuously during the season, all you need to do is keep the tank filled up. The water that’s in the tank can stay there for the whole camping season without causing any problems.
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